Mega Moon-Rakete startbereit

Die NASA-Rakete Space Launch System (SLS) und das Orion-Raumschiff mit ihrem europäischen Servicemodul treffen am 4. November 2022 auf der Startrampe 39B im Kennedy Space Center der NASA in Florida, USA, ein. Die Mission Artemis I wird der erste Test der SLS sein und Orion und die Europäische Serviceeinheit. Bildnachweis: NASA/Kim Shefflet

Die Mega-Mond-Rakete Artemis I steht auf der Startrampe in[{“ attribute=““>NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This powerful Space Launch System (SLS) rocket is getting ready to launch the Orion spacecraft and its European Service Module. The first opportunity for launch is November 16 at 1:04 a.m. EST/local time (07:04 CET, 06:04 GMT).

Artemis I is the first mission in a large program to send astronauts around and on the Moon sustainably. This uncrewed first launch will see the Orion spacecraft travel to the Moon, enter an elongated orbit around our satellite, and then return to Earth. The Orion spacecraft is powered by the European-built module that supplies electricity, propulsion, fuel, water, and air in addition to keeping the spacecraft operating at the right temperature.

Artemis I Mission Overview Infographic

Artemis I mission overview. Orion is NASA’s next spacecraft to send humans into space and is part of the Artemis program. It is designed to send astronauts farther into space than ever before, beyond the Moon and to the lunar Gateway. Credit: ESA–K. Oldenburg

Artemis to the Moon

The European Service Modules are made from components supplied by over 20 companies in ten European Space Agency (ESA) Member States and the United States. As the first European Service Module sits atop the SLS rocket on the launchpad, the second is only 8 km (5 miles) away, as it is currently being integrated with the Orion crew capsule for the first crewed mission – Artemis II. The third and fourth European Service Modules – that will power astronauts to a Moon landing – are in production in Bremen, Germany.

Orion: An International Collaboration Infographic

Contributions in Europe for the European Service Module that is powering the Artemis missions around the Moon. Credit:
ESA–K. Oldenburg

The Artemis program is an international endeavor to build a permanent outpost around and on the Moon. Modules for the lunar Gateway are being built in the United States and Europe, with the first European module – International Habitat – in production in Turin, Italy, and set for launch on the fourth Artemis mission alongside the Orion spacecraft.

The first Artemis launch this week is without humans, but three mannequins have been placed in the spacecraft’s seats to conduct scientific research. Fitted with more than 5600 sensors, two mannequins will measure the amount of radiation astronauts could be exposed to in future missions with unprecedented precision. ESA is also including active radiation dosimeters in the Crew Module to get more data on how radiation levels change on a mission to the Moon – building on the leadership developed over decades of radiation research on the International Space Station.

Orion European Service Module-1 Logo

Logo for the first European Service Module (ESM) that is powering NASA’s Orion spacecraft to send humans into space and the Moon as part of the Artemis program. Credit: ESA

Dates

With a November 16 launch, the three-week Artemis I mission would end on December 11 with a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. The European Service Module detaches from the Orion Crew Module before splashdown and burns up harmlessly in the atmosphere, its job complete after taking Orion to the Moon and back safely.

Backup Artemis I launch dates include November 19. Watch the launch live on ESA Web TV.

Das mit dem European Service Module ausgestattete Orion-Raumschiff wird weiter von der Erde entfernt fliegen als jedes zuvor von Menschen klassifizierte Raumschiff. Dieses Video gibt einen Überblick über die erste Mission von Artemis – ohne Astronauten – und konzentriert sich auf das europäische Servicemodul der Europäischen Weltraumorganisation, das das Raumschiff betreibt. Das Raumschiff wird über den Mond fliegen, indem es die Schwerkraft des Mondes nutzt, um an Geschwindigkeit zu gewinnen und sich 70.000 Kilometer vom Mond, fast eine halbe Million Kilometer von der Erde entfernt, fortzubewegen – weiter als jemals ein Mensch gereist ist, da es sich in einen fernen Rückflug pumpen wird. um den Mond kreisen. Auf seiner Rückreise wird Orion einen weiteren Vorbeiflug am Mond machen, bevor er zur Erde zurückkehrt. Die gesamte Reise dauert etwa 20 Tage und endet damit, dass das Wasser ohne die ESU in den Pazifik fließt – es trennt sich und verbrennt in der Atmosphäre, ohne Schaden anzurichten. Bildnachweis: ESA – Europäische Weltraumorganisation

Siehe auch  Der Wurmmond (und nach einigen Definitionen ein Supermond)

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